Neuropathy is a general term denoting disturbances in the regular performance of the peripheral nerves. The reasons for neuropathy are diverse and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is practically irreparable and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding further progression of the nerve damage and other encouraging measures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment might or might not completely reverse the neuropathy and reduce the symptoms and oftentimes there is some permanent damage to nerves and persistent signs regardless of treatment. Just recently neuropathy due to copper shortage has actually also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the response is variable and might take lots of months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormone, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormonal agent. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is primarily supportive. In diabetic neuropathies, some forms like Mononeuropathies are reversible however the majority of are permanent. Stringent control of blood glucose levels to slow the further development is of critical significance. Other treatment is based on the symptoms, like discomfort is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis typically reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item causing neuropathy. Neuropathy might likewise be because of hazardous result of particular drugs like Chloroquine, Phenytoin, numerous others and anti-cancer drugs. Treatment in this case is mainly discontinuation of the drug or dosage decrease. There may be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can normally be prevented by giving pyridoxine in addition to it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is website practically permanent and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding more progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food product causing neuropathy.