Neuropathy is a basic term signifying disruptions in the typical performance of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are different and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreversible and the treatment is mainly focused on preventing further progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not entirely reverse the neuropathy and relieve the signs and in most cases there is some irreversible damage to nerves and consistent signs in spite of therapy. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has likewise been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction is variable and may take many months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based website on particular cause and the nerve involved. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally encouraging. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but many are irreversible. Rigorous control of blood sugar levels to slow the additional progression is of paramount value. Other treatment is based upon the signs, like discomfort is managed with NSAID and numerous other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy connected with Rheumatoid Arthritis often reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy. There might be some specific treatment in particular cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can normally be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally focused on preventing further development of the nerve damage and other helpful measures to avoid any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on specific cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary disease triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the irritant food product causing neuropathy.